Saturday, July 25, 2020

Winter Miscellania

Winter Miscellania I have done exactly three things since winter holiday ennui sprouted all over the dessicated grids of my post-semester calendar: 1.Baked bread. 2.Read Feynman. 3.Written this list. On second thought, make that four: 4.Unsuccessfully re-installed MATLAB (twice) because my license keys obnoxiously expired while I was busy playing minesweeper* or something likewise pre-installed and useless. *I kid, because I have swept nary a mine since bidding goodbye to the tender age of microwaved pizza rolls, Windows 98, and messily penciled sonatas of elementary algebra on crumpled graph paper. Years ago, I convinced myself that minesweeper was prototyped during the Vietnam War to sharpen the reflexes of future army enlistees, and that Bill Gates had cleverly developed a way to hook up my parents computer to mine-detonators in remote Third World countries. When I first learned the word “career,” I imagined myself as a top-secret military agent whose patriotic duty was to sit in front of a CRT monitor and play minesweeper to protect U.S. troops from setting off hidden mines in the Midwest or whatever. If I cleared one of the smaller minefields in less than 10 seconds, the government would issue me a bunch of yellow smilie face stickers and a “HIGH SCORE” certificate. Every Christmas morning, I momentarily revert to my childhood definition of an agnostic (me) as someone who regards Gods existence as unknowable due to lack of sense-based observations and Santas existence as obvious due to presents-based observations. This year, however, the solid grounds of my agnosticism turned to swamp when I noticed that Santa hadnt visited my house and left me a licensed copy of MATLAB. “Santa doesnt exist,” you interject. (By which I mean, I interject on behalf of you since you cant leave a comment on this blog before I finish it. Furthermore: FIRST.) Normally Id agree with you, but at this transitional, trans-semester stage in my life, I interpret Santa as a wave function whose time component peaks around Christmas season and spacial dependence peaks in countries with a large population of Christians and high GDPs. The fact that I didnt get a present this year is simply the result of the Santa wave function experiencing destructive interference with economic recession. Nonetheless, Im the first to admit that “Santa Clause is Coming to Town” is much more metrically flexible than “Santa Clauss Probability Distribution Has a Local Maximum in Your Vicinity.” Furthermore, Ill concede that the Santa function is complex and probably has a sizable imaginary component. It may be renormalizable, but it wont renormalize your familys opinion of you as you explain to your 5-year old cousin the dual nature of Santa as both a wave and a barely-employable guy at the local mall. Anyway, while I was busy drafting the lyrics to “Carol of the Bell Curves,” “Deck the Hall Effect,” and “Do You Hear What I Hear, Or Do Our Observables Fail to Commute?” an anonymous commenter on my previous blog queried: can you summarize your other activities outside of classes? (i figured a bit of e.e. cummings would grant me some internetz) My response follows: Dear Anonymous, I slept, sometimes. Other nights, Id stay awake and think about a nice, rustic loaf of bread. Best wishes, Yan According to Facebook, my other activities included: *UWIP = Undergrad Women in Physics **FASAP = Freshman Arts Seminar, an advising program that paid for countless free dinners and concert tickets last year. Highly recommended, even if I dont remember what the “AP” stands for. ***ATS = Association of Taiwanese Students. I am neither Taiwanese nor an association of any sort, but thanks to ATS, Im now Taiwanese by association. ****Katelyn Gao = my former roommate, not an acronym. In the past week, Ive splurged a semesters worth of energy, motivation, and Googling on amateur breadmaking. After 19 hours of tango with mercurial thermostats and Schrodingers yeast (is it dead or alive? I cant tell), I tossed Loaf #1 into the oven with a hearty dash of pessimism, clocked off 30 minutes, and pulled out: A lithospheric formation of charred crust, high density, and too much compression in the . . . um, upper mantle. Loaf #2 turned out better after a 25-hour rising period. Biting into the bone-thick, morbidly crunchy crust to pillow your molars on the soft spongy tissues of dough inside was like experiencing the most delicious dental surgery ever. After two nights in a plastic-wrap cocoon, Loaf #2 was reincarnated in a casserole dish under 375 degree heat. A modest serving of leftover bread stuffing with apples and red onions inexplicably wore the aroma of red wine like a secondhand dress from a seamy thrift shop. Ive come to accept the strange personality flips of maturing yeast. In context, the stuffing made a terrific pairing (tripleting?) with sweet coconut chickpea curry and roasted brussels sprouts, the dinner I cooked for mom on Dec. 24. Interlude: The rest of the coconut milk from the curry went into a cauliflower flatbread, because I was getting fed up (figuratively) with yeast getting fed up (literally). If you understood the previous sentence, congratulations. The dough for Loaf #3 chillaxed in the fridge for two and a half days in hopes of coaxing the lively, nostril-curling flavors of sour yeast from a wet marsh of flour and water. Yet again, I forgot that the thermal regulator on my oven had been clinically diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder. Volcanic bursts cracked open the marred crust as the thing was cooling on the rack. The loaf was tastier this time but still not French enough to belittle me. Isnt there a French proverb that goes something like, “A good loaf of bread is condescending toward the cheese”? (I hope not, because I just made this up and I think it sounds copyrightable.) And thats what I did over Winter Break. I baked bread that wasnt condescending toward the cheese.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay on Major Accomplishments of President Ronald Reagan

Every four years there is an election to elect a new President of the United States. In some cases, if a President is well liked, they may be reelected to serve another term; but may only be in office for two consecutive terms (8 years). One of the few Presidents that held off a total of 8 years was President Ronald Reagan. He was the 40th President to be sworn into office, and at the time was the oldest to ever serve this country. When Reagan took office in 1980, he had many hopes and dreams to turn America into a great nation, and get America back on track. He fulfilled his goals and dreams for America and is highly regarded still to this day. He left office with great shoes to fill, and is looked back on as a great American leader.†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"In 1966, Reagan successfully ran for governor of California and served two consecutive terms.† (Jennifer Rosenberg, n.d.). Reagan was also a man who looked at the bigger picture, and pushed himself to be the ve ry best. At the Republican National Convention in 1968, as well as 1974, he was considered a potential Presidential Candidate. In the 1980 election, he won the Republican nomination, and successfully won the Presidential election against Jimmy Carter. He also ran again in the 1984 election against Democrat Walter Mondale, and won. With these two terms, he successfully completed 8 years as President of the United States. President Ronald Reagan was an amazing President, but he didn’t always come out smelling like roses. Even the best Presidents don’t always make wise decision for their country, for instance, the Iran- Contra scandal. The Iran-Contra scandal, all started in 1985 when Iran and Iraq were at war, and the United States supplied weapons to Iran, a sworn enemy. President Ronald Reagan’s administration did this in hoping that they would then release the American hostages that were being held in Lebanon by Hezbollah terrorist. Robert McFarlane, a National Security Advisory, said that â€Å"the sale of arms would not only improve U.S. relations with Iran, but might in turn lead to improved relations with Lebanon, increasing U.S. influence in the troubled Middle East† (Julie Wolf,Show MoreRelatedEssay about Ronald Reagan, a True Hero770 Words   |  4 PagesRonald Reagan was a true hero to many Americans. He was a strong president who cared for this country dearly, and Reagan really proved this by his actions during his presidency. He also proved his love for country by serving in the U.S Army during World War II. Ronald Reagan also came through as a hero by fixing the American Economy that was heading for disaster just like today’s. If you can reflect on what he had accomplished throughout his administration you can clearly see why he was a popularRead MoreIb Hl History Ia1632 Words   |  7 PagesHL History Internal Assessment Was President Ronald Reagan the reason for the Cold War’s conclusion? Word Count: 1,634 Was President Ronald Reagan the reason for the Cold War’s conclusion? A. Plan of Investigation This investigation focuses on the impact that President Ronald Reagan had on ending the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the 1980’s. The use of historian argumentation, primary sources, such as Ronald Reagan’s Address to the Nation on DefenseRead MoreThe Great Communicator By Ronald Reagan1491 Words   |  6 PagesAs stated in an article from Newsmakers, Ronald Reagan was known as â€Å"the Great Communicator† because he was able to clearly speak to the public due to his unusual experiences before presidency (Newsmakers). Every president of the United States has a unique story, but Reagan possessed many remarkable characteristics. Today, many people recognize Reagan as a former president, but few know about the struggles he faced and his success before presidency; his political party transition, handling economicRead MoreRonald Reagan1535 Words   |  7 PagesRonald Wilson Reagan, born February 6, 1911, served the United States as the 40th president from 1981 to 1989. Reagan was the first and only movie actor elected to office. During his two-terms in office, Reagan had many accomplishments; cutting taxes, strengthened and increased national defense spending, and through foreign policy pursued â€Å"peace through strength.† (Freidel Sidey, 2006). The primary strength Reagan possessed in office was his oratory skills, in which he was dubbed â€Å"The GreatRead MoreRonald Reagan s Accomplishments And Accomplishments1514 Words   |  7 PagesAA35 Dr. Reese English 102 30 October 2017 Ronald Reagan Era From Hollywood to the White House, Ronald Reagan has always been a public favorite, especially among presidential history. 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Pistol Hinckley fires six shots hitting 4Read MoreRonald Reagan s Accomplishments And Accomplishments1509 Words   |  7 PagesAA35 Dr. Reese English 102 October 13, 2017 Ronald Reagan Era From Hollywood to the White House, Ronald Reagan has always been a public favorite, especially among presidential history. Many people view him as an iconic political figure, who made bold decisions as part of his leadership. Reagan has been credited with numerous feats and failures, such as, reducing the poverty rate by cutting taxes and increasing defense spending, negotiating a nuclear arms reduction agreement with the Soviets to bringRead MoreReag A Successful Presidency1557 Words   |  7 PagesSince Reagan experienced such a successful presidency, due to his conservative policies accomplishing their goals, many liberal-minded people switched their views. After the conservative success of the early and mid-eighties, the amount of people who views themselves as liberals decreased. In a 1996 poll, â€Å"only 10 percent of Democratic voters identified themselves as ‘liberals’—that is, people who want economic redistribution† (Hannaford). This fact it self showed that people who once believedRead MoreRonald Reagan Essay1145 Words   |  5 PagesBorn on February 6, 1911, Ronald Reagan, â€Å"Dutch,† never knew that he would grow up to be famous. He served two terms as governor of California, but before that he starred in Hollywood films. Originally a liberal Democrat, Reagan ran for the U.S. presidency as a conservative Republican and won, his term beginning in 1980. Ronald Reagan became the oldest President elected when he took office as the 40th President of the United States. He was also the first U.S. president after Dwight D. EisenhowerRead MoreThe Presidents683 Words   |  3 PagesThe Presidents | 3 Accomplishments/goals | Impact on other countries | Additional comments | Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 | 1. Instituted the strategic Defense initiative in 1983 2. Provided a peaceful end to the cold war 3. Declared the war on drugs | President Reagan negotiated a treaty that ultimately would eliminate intermediate-range nuclear missiles. Reagan declared war against international terrorism, sending American bombers against Libya after evidence came out that Libya was involved

Friday, May 8, 2020

Character Analysis Of The Pardoner - 1878 Words

To begin, the Pardoner is a character found in the Canterbury Tales written by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the fourteenth century. The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories in which a group of thirty pilgrims on a pilgrimage to Canterbury, England, to visit an English Saint Thomas Beckett, archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered in his Cathedral in 1170. The Canterbury Tales begins with â€Å"The General Prologue† where the narrator describes the physical characteristics and personality of each pilgrim. Specifically, the Pardoner is described as beardless, with long, greasy, yellow hair as well as someone who granted by the Roman Catholic Church to give indulgences and collecting donations for the Church, however, because of his†¦show more content†¦When they arrive at the oak tree, they do not find Death and instead find eight bushels of gold coins. They cannot take the gold home right away without the guard thinking that they have stolen the gold so they wait until night, but they send the youngest to town to get some drinks and food. When the youngest leaves the two others to plan to stab him in the back, meanwhile, the youngest rioter buys poison to kill the other two. When he returns, they stab the youngest, killing him. After the youngest rioter’s death, the two rioters left get poisoned from the drinks and die. â€Å"In the Epilogue† he tries to swindle the pilgrims, especially the Host by telling him to kiss his relics. The two argue and the Knight steps in and makes the two kiss and makeup, without any delay. Throughout the story, Chaucer uses each pilgrim to represent his feeling toward sins, an immoral act, and virtues, the opposite of sin, during the medieval period. He makes some characters have a lot of virtues and little sins, such as the Knight, and he makes some have a lot of sin and little virtues, such as Pardoner. Chaucer creates the Pardoner as a distasteful character by making him greedy, by the ac tions his job, and untrustworthy, by the actions hypocrisy, to reflect his own feelings about the Church. First, the Pardoner’s displeasing characterShow MoreRelatedEssay on Summary and Analysis of The Pardoners Tale1346 Words   |  6 PagesSummary and Analysis of The Pardoners Tale (The Canterbury Tales) Prologue to the Pardoners Tale: The Host thinks that the cause of Virginias death in the previous tale was her beauty. To counter the sadness of the tale, the Host suggests that the Pardoner tell a lighter tale. The Pardoner delays, for he wants to finish his meal, but says that he shall tell a moral tale. He says that he will tell a tale with this moral: the love of money is the root of all evil. He claims that during hisRead MoreEssay about The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer947 Words   |  4 Pages Chaucers Pardoner is unique within the group travelling to Canterbury. While the Parson, the Wife of Bath, the Clerk, and others would love to sway the group toward their respective opinions and views, the Pardoner intends to swindle the group out of its money. His sermons are based on sound theology, but they are rendered hollow by his complete lack of integrity in applying them to his own life. He is a hypocrite - his root intention is to accrue money. Curiously, the Pardoner is openly honestRead MoreThe Pardoners Tale By Chaucer Theme Analysis1533 Words   |  7 PagesTheme Analysis Essay The Canterbury tales have various stories that have moral lessons. Along with that, many themes can be found in these tales. Among the various pilgrims featured in the Canterbury Tales, the Pardoner is one of the most fully described characters. 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Bennett describes Chaucer’s unique style as, â€Å"No detail was too small for him to observe, and from it he could frequently draw, or suggest, conclusions which would have escaped many.† While The Canterbury Tales was originally intended to be an epic poemRead More Canterbury Tales Morality Paper1070 Words   |  5 PagesEternal Bliss or Life Amiss?: Analysis of Theme in Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales The Christian Church has been a driving force in politics and morals for hundreds of years. In the medieval time period in Europe, the Church was particularly strong, a majority of the European peoples and rulers were followers. The set of moral codes and virtues the Church sets forth dictates how each person should live. 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Clearly, these three characters seem in many ways to be respected by Chaucer, suggesting that his irritation with the classes originates more with some of their corrupt members than with the classes themselves. Indeed, given the nature of the society at the time, it is unlikelyRead MoreThe Caterbury Tales, Carmina Burana and The Book of Taliesin722 Words   |  3 PagesCamelot. The Christian Church was the single most influential institution in society, with the pope taking on a role as the leader of European Christendom and education and intellectual life mostly happening through religious institutions. Through the analysis of compositions written during the Middle Ages, it is observable that significant events influenced the pages of these notable works such as Canterbury Tales, Carmina Burana, and The Book of Taliesin. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

For all his Byronic Free Essays

string(34) " his tyrannical sadistic actions\." â€Å"For all his Byronic / Gothic excesses, Heathcliff exists and steps out of the confines of fiction†¦easily† (Evans 1982) â€Å"He stands unredeemed never once swerving in his arrow straight course to perdition† (CBronte, 1847) With reference to these and other readings of the character of Heathcliff, explore your own interpretation of this character. In your essay you should: * Consider the role and function of Heathcliff within the novel * Explore the characterisation * Consider the various interpretations of his character by A) Characters within the novel B) Critics * Make a personal response to the character. Teacher’s Name: Mrs Gowdy Date: When Emily Bronte wrote Wuthering Heights, she received much criticism for the character of Heathcliff. We will write a custom essay sample on For all his Byronic or any similar topic only for you Order Now Heathcliff was believed to be the complete opposite to what a Victorian Gentleman should be: â€Å"It is almost definition of a gentleman to say he is one who never inflicts pain† (Cardinal Newman, 1852) Her sister, Charlotte, could not understand why Emily had a character of such evil in her book: â€Å"Whether it is right or advisable to create beings like Heathcliff, I do not know: I scarcely think it is.† (1) Considering Emily’s background, it is logical to see why Charlotte might feel like this. Emily was born July 30th 1818 at Thornton, near Bradford, Yorkshire, and was the fifth of six children born to Patrick Bronte and his wife Maria Branwell. When she was two the family moved to Haworth, where Mr Bronte had been appointed the vicar. Except for short periods away as a student and later as a teacher, Haworth would remain her home for all her life. By the time she was seven, Emily had experienced three deaths in her family- her mother and her two older sisters, Maria and Elizabeth. Because of her reclusive life, she therefore might not be expected to know of such people to base the character of Heathcliff on. A suggestion for the way Heathcliff behaved is her brother Branwell, who was an alcoholic and dabbled with drugs: † It would have been impossible for Emily to render Hindley’s alcoholic degradation and Heathcliff’s ranting misery without the protracted spectacle of Branwell’s breakdown before her eyes day in and day out.† (Katherine Frank, 1990) However, Heathcliff is a character who stirs emotions in the reader, and our sympathy returns to him again and again throughout the novel, despite his many violent deeds. But why? Why do we feel pity for a man who is presented as an embodiment of dark powers? We are introduced to Heathcliff right at the opening of the first chapter by Mr. Lockwood, (who ironically could be a type of the Victorian Gentleman,) who is delighted to discover that he is somewhat of a misanthropist like himself: â€Å"Mr. Heathcliff and I are such a suitable pair to divide the desolation between us†(2) However, Mr Lockwood soon discovers that Heathcliff is not all that he seems to be. Heathcliff winces at the mention of Thrushcross Grange, when Mr Lockwood inquires about it: † ‘Thrushcross Grange is my own, sir’ he interrupted, wincing. ‘I should not allow any one to inconvenience me, if I could hinder it – walk in!’ † (3) This suggests to the reader that this comment touches on a delicate part of Heathcliff’s history, and is something in which he would rather keep secret. Lockwood in chapter two makes a vain attempt to be sociable with the tenants of Wuthering Heights, only to be laughed at by Heathcliff: â€Å"My amiable lady’ he interrupted with an almost diabolical sneer on his face† (4) Heathcliff is quite rude to Lockwood, and we can come to the conclusion that he was one who was not brought up with any manners. (This proves to be true later on in the book). Heathcliff clearly shows no sympathy toward him, and wishes for Lockwood to mind his own business. â€Å"Mr Heathcliff may have entirely dissimilar reasons for keeping his hand out of the way when he meets a would-be acquaintance, to those which actuate me† (5) Bronte has chosen to keep this side in the dark, instead choosing to present him as a cold hearted recluse, only at first and then we are quickly shown his passionate side in chapter three. Mr Lockwood’s character is naturally inquisitive, and therefore this episode with the landowner only makes Mr. Lockwood more interested in Heathcliff and his background. Catherine’s diary shows insight into Heathcliff’s past and the way he was treated. â€Å"Hindley is a detestable substitute- his conduct to Heathcliff is atrocious† (6) From this, we can establish that Heathcliff was subject to hostility and was surrounded by harsh treatment. Hindley always saw Heathcliff as a threat to him, especially as he is the ‘outsider’ in the family. Nelly reports to Mr. Lockwood: â€Å"He bred bad feeling in the house; and at Mrs. Earnshaw’s death†¦ the young master had learned to regard his father as an oppressor rather than a friend, and Heathcliff as a usurper of his parent’s affections and his privileges; and he grew bitter with brooding over these injuries.† (7) Hindley, when they were boys, would thrash Heathcliff, and call him names such as † Imp of Satan†. Later on as young men, Hindley degrades him in front of Catherine, as he soon picks up on the fondness between the two, and makes him a servant. Naturally, this treatment he received had an effect on Heathcliff. Being this cold-hearted character is normal to him, having no other example of morals, except in Catherine. He rejects conventional Christian morality at an early age, (no thanks to Joseph whose methods of teaching the young children the Bible in a repressive and forbidding way could be questioned!) and also fails to pick it up as an adult. This rejection of faith could be possibly the reason why he is always referred to in a diabolical way. He has chosen not to be Christian, and therefore the powers of darkness are now ‘controlling’ him. Characters such as Mr Earnshaw’s comment on the impression of darkness he gives in the novel and of his tyrann ical sadistic actions. You read "For all his Byronic" in category "Papers" â€Å"It’s as dark as if it came from the devil† (8) It is almost as if he enjoys this evil impression he gives, and he learns he can attack people’s weaknesses, such as Hindley and his enjoyment of gambling, which he uses to his advantage to gain ownership of Wuthering Heights. â€Å"You would imagine I was the devil himself- to excite such horror† (9) Heathcliff is such a contrast to what men where like in the Victorian era, which as Cardinal Newman suggests: † Is mainly occupied in merely removing the obstacles which hinder the free and unembarrassed action of those about him†¦carefully avoids †¦all clashing of opinion, or collision of felling, all restraint, or suspicion, or gloom or resentment; his great concern being to make everyone at ease and at home.† It wouldn’t be surprising that the character was criticised, but Bronte did accomplish a much-debated character. Heathcliff does have emotions, and passionate ones at that, and this spurs him on in life. If Catherine was not at Wuthering Heights at the beginning, Heathcliff would not have stayed very long and bore all the physical and emotional torment he was given. Catherine seemed to keep him there, and when he fled, it was only because she had deserted him for a gentleman. We see how much he truly loves Catherine when Lockwood has his dream: â€Å"He got on to the bed, and wrenched open the lattice, bursting, as he pulled at it, into an uncontrollable passion of tears. ‘Come in! Come in!’ he sobbed. ‘Cathy do come. Oh, do- once more! Oh! My hearts darling! Hear me this time, Catherine at last!† (10) Lockwood is startled at this and comments that â€Å"he seemed so powerfully affected† and â€Å"struggled to vanquish an excess of violent emotion†. The desperation in Heathcliff’s voice shows us how he grieves for a lost one. We are now shown that he is not so evil as he displays himself to be, but still carries some violent tendencies with him, even though that is not expected when you are grieving. However knowing the love he carries for Catherine and his pain for her deserting him when they were young, we can understand why he reacts this way. The way Bronte uses this language to describe Heathcliff, makes him believable to the reader. Our sympathy lies with him, and Lockwood has now changed his perspective on Heathcliff, as has the reader. Nelly, like the reader, changes her opinion of Heathcliff according to the actions he does. When Nelly first met Heathcliff, she referred to him as ‘it’, she did not regard Heathcliff as a person due to his physical appearance. † I had a peep at a dirty ragged child†¦yet when it was set on its feet, it’s face looked older than Catherine’s† (11) Nelly was a child when Heathcliff arrived, and childishly was jealous, along with Catherine and Hindley of having someone which did not look like them being part of the family. However as they both grow up together both have some kind of respect for each other, though it may be small at some times. Nelly fells sympathy towards Heathcliff during the time of Hindley’s harsh treatment, and was genuinely surprised that he seemed so immune to it, as if it didn’t affect him. However the reader knows that treatment like that does affect a person emotionally, and this cultivated a great resentment towards his tormentors. â€Å"He seemed a sullen, patient child, hardened, perhaps to ill treatment† (12) Her loyalties were torn between Heathcliff and Hindley, and we see her compassion for Heathcliff when he confides in her about Catherine. We learn that Heathcliff is completely devoted to Catherine. † The nation of envying Catherine was incomprehensible to him but the notion of grieving her he understood completely† So much in fact she helps him clean himself up, due to Heathcliff not caring about her appearance since Cathy left. Nelly is also Heathcliff’s confidant. She tells him how Cathy is, and what her feelings are towards him. Nelly clearly understands how deep his love is for Cathy. Catherine plays an enormous part in Heathcliff’s life, and his love for her seems to be a redeeming feature. Catherine and Heathcliff become very â€Å"thick† when they are young, as Nelly comments to Mr Lockwood, and this weakness that Heathcliff has, this love for Cathy, is manipulated by Hindley as a means of punishment, and is also the reason in my mind why Heathcliff is so determined to seek revenge. As Pinkmonkey, a literature Internet guide, points out in its character analysis of Heathcliff: â€Å"During adolescence, Heathcliff simply assumes that they will always be together† This assumption proves to be wrong. Edgar Linton proposed to Catherine, and she agreed, because she thought that Heathcliff was in fact, too uncivilised and uneducated to be her husband. Although this may sound selfish to Heathcliff when he eavesdropped on the conversation between Nelly and Cathy, we find out soon that after her own interests, she intends to help him in the future. † It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now; so he shall never know how much I love him†¦ My love for Linton is like the foliage in the woods: time will change it, I’m well aware, as winter changes the trees. My love for Heathcliff resembles the eternal rocks beneath, a source of little visible delight, but necessary† (13) Cathy uses nature to contrast the two young men, and chooses a tree’s foliage for Linton. Foliage can be trimmed and blooms, which is what Cathy is feeling for Linton now, but she knows when the harsh weather and the seasons change, all the foliage will die. She knows that she won’t love Linton eternally, and problems facing the two will speed up the process. Heathcliff however is symbolised as rocks and are not affected by the weather. Rocks are wild and jagged, which matches Heathcliff’s personality, and when the bad weather comes, the rocks are not affected because they are strong. The last comment she says, † a little visible delight but necessary.† could mean she knows that Heathcliff is not likeable but she needs him, as he provides sturdy foundations for her. Unfortunately for Heathcliff, he never gets to hear this part of the conversation, and flees Wuthering Heights. This moment in Heathcliff’s history symbolises his turning point, as a character. He now feels a great sense of loss and betrayal, and Heathcliff never forgives Cathy for what she does, but nevertheless still loves her as passionately as before. When he returns after three years, he finds that she has married Edgar Linton and is now mistress of Thrushcross Grange. His plans at first were to seek revenge on Hindley and merely check up on Cathy to see if she is happy. However his suffering at seeing her again overwhelms him and he starts to torment the others, especially Isabella. Isabella is instantly attracted to Heathcliff, possibly because he has returned with an air of mystery around him, and seems dark and brooding. Linton is unhappy because he knew that his property could possibly fall into Heathcliff’s hands if they should marry. Heathcliff at first, has no interest in her whatsoever, and is completely unaware of her affection towards him, until Catherine spitefully makes it known, embarrassing Isabella in the process. Heathcliff has no interest in Isabella, simply because he is still infatuated with Catherine. However the appeal of getting one over on Edgar is too great for him, and starts to woo Isabella. This infuriates Catherine and her husband, but Heathcliff only wanted to affect the latter. It seems that he blames Edgar for not being with Cathy, that if he had never been there as a child, Cathy and he would be together. There is also the possibility that Heathcliff, when he was younger was jealous of the social acceptance that others had. Heathcliff was picked on because he wasn’t ‘one of them’- not actually be blood related to the Earnshaws; he was found on the streets of Liverpool. Now he has returned, gentleman in appearance, but still the same emotionally affected person, willing to wreak havoc on the people who mocked him. Isabella was warned about Heathcliff- but she chose to ignore it. She knows that by marrying Heathcliff it will anger Cathy who has a ‘if I don’t have him no-one can ‘ attitude, and will gain her revenge for embarrassing her. She truly believes that Heathcliff does love her. Catherine on the other hand knows deep inside that Heathcliff only loves her and cannot understand why he would like Isabella. † Oh, the evil is that I am not jealous, is it? Well, I won’t repeat my offer of a wife: it is as bad as offering Satan a lost soul. Your bliss lies, like his, in inflicting misery. You prove it†¦ I begin to be at secure and tranquil; and you, restless to know us at peace, appear resolved on exciting a quarrel. Quarrel with Edgar if you please, Heathcliff, and deceive his sister: you’ll hit on exactly the most efficient method of revenging yourself on me.† (14) Heathcliff and Isabella run away together, but not before Heathcliff shows us his sadistic side – † Miss Isabella’s Springer, Fanny, (was) suspended to a handkerchief, and nearly at its last gasp† (15) Soon enough, the ‘honeymoon’ is over, and Isabella realises just who her husband really is. He is cruel and violent, and Isabella questions Nelly in a letter about her husband: † Is Mr. Heathcliff a man? If so, is he mad? And if not is he the devil?† (16) Abraham Lincoln once said † If you want to test a man’s character, give him power† and this could be said for Heathcliff. Heathcliff gains power of Wuthering Heights by manipulating Hindley. Hindley at this point is an alcoholic and likes to bet. He loses his money through betting and is attracted to Heathcliff’s newly found wealth, thinking he could win it. However, in the need Hindley dies deep in debt, and Heathcliff loaned him so much money that now he owns Wuthering Heights. Hindley still detested Heathcliff, even though he allowed him to stay there, and on many occasions as told to Isabella, has tried to kill him. We as the reader, however still think of Heathcliff with sympathy, even though we disapprove of his actions, especially towards Hindley and Isabella. We still remember his treatment as a child from Hindley, and so when he seeks out his revenge, we find it extremely difficult not to wish him success. By gaining this power, he is able now to control the future, by arranging marriages and so on. Catherine before she died, gave birth to young Cathy, and Isabella gave birth to young Linton in London. When she died, Edgar wanted to have custody of the child. However, Heathcliff has seen the possibilities and demands that he should come to live with him. After all, he is the father. Linton is quite the opposite of his father; he is pale, weak and quite spoilt in his ways. When Heathcliff finally meets him, he does not even pretend to love him, he calls his mother a slut, and mistreats him. † I’m jealous of monopolising his affection†¦yes Nell, †¦my son is the prospective owner of this place, and I should not wish him to die till I was certain of being his successor. Besides, he’s mine, and I want the triumph of seeing my descendant fairly lord of their estates: my child hiring their children to till their father’s lands for wages. That is the sole consideration, which can make me endure the whelp: I despise him for himself, and I hate him for the memories he revives!†(17) Heathcliff arranges meetings between young Cathy and Linton because he knows that if they were married, his son could own Thrushcross Grange. Heathcliff then has to find some way to claim it himself, and he was delighted to find out the Linton was in ill health without his interference. Heathcliff used emotional torment on Linton, who has a weak disposition anyway, to make him worse. He forces young Cathy to marry Linton for his benefit, which the young girl is not happy about, especially since her father is dying and Heathcliff won’t let her see him. When Cathy shouts at him, through Nelly’s words we can see how Heathcliff is affected by Cathy’s words: † Heathcliff you are a cruel man, but you’re not a fiend; and you won’t, from mere malice, destroy irrevocably all my happiness†¦I’ve given over crying: but I’m going to kneel here, at your knee; and I’ll not get up, and I’ll not take my eyes from your face till you look back at me! No, don’t turn away! Do look! Have you never loved anybody in all your life, uncle? Never? Ah! You must look once.† (18) Heathcliff can see his Catherine in her daughter’s eyes, which is heart breaking for him, as he can’t even bear to look at her. Heathcliff is not hated by Cathy, which also affects him emotionally. † He shrigged his sholders; shook himself, indeed, as if his flesh crept with aversion;† (19) I do not think he should inflict his revenge on the younger generation, simply because they were not to blame for the pain that Heathcliff bore in the past, especially Hareton, who is Hindley’s son. Hindley was brought up badly by his father, who was always drunk and violent to him. Heathcliff wished to bring him up after his father’s death. Heathcliff treats Hareton in a way, which reflects the way Hindley treated him, except that Hareton is completely oblivious to the fact that this is happening to him, because he wasn’t educated. So, Hareton, who should have been the finest gentleman in the area, is reduced to living at Wuthering Heights as a common, uneducated servant, friendless and without hope, and surprisingly he likes Heathcliff. As Heathcliff comes closer and closer to realising his final revenge, he seems more preoccupied with his memory of Catherine. The horrible image of Heathcliff uncovering her grave just to see her face shows us his depth of passion for her. † I got the sexton to remove the earth off her coffin-lid, and I opened it. I thought, once I would have stayed there: when I saw her face again- it is hers yet- he had hard work to stir me; but he said it would change if the air blew on it, and so I struck one side of the coffin loose, and covered it up: not Linton’s side, damn him! I wish he’d been soldered in lead†¦when I’m laid there, and slide mine out too; I’ll have it made so: and then, by the time Linton gets to us, he’ll not know which is which!† (20) The thought of Edgar and Catherine’s bodies decomposing together is too much for him. He states that he wants to be buried next to Catherine, and even punches a hole in her casket and asks that the same would be done to him so that their dust can mingle. Near the time of his death, he becomes more and more isolated from everyone and increasingly obsessed with his dead love, imagining that she is haunting him, and Heathcliff becomes more cheerful, and feels happy that when he dies he will be reunited with Catherine. † I have neither a fear, nor a presentiment, nor a hope of death. Why should I? †¦ It is a long fight; I wish it were over!† (21) It is only at this time he feels reconciled to her spirit that he abandons his cruelty towards Catherine and Hareton. Heathcliff is a truly interesting character and our sympathy lies with him, because we understand why he is so determined to seek his revenge on the people who opposed him in the first place. With regards to the quotations at the start of my essay, Heathcliff is a character who seems vivid. The manner in which he speaks and the emotion that he carries with him throughout the book makes him † step out of the confines of fiction†. We never really hate him for what he does, simply because we know why he does it. He was badly treated when he was younger, and this developed into revenge. Still, our sympathy lies with him. Charlotte Bronte may not have liked his † arrow straight course to perdition† but modern readers who read Wuthering Heights justify why, without prejudice. How to cite For all his Byronic, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Model

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model is a specific model of motivation based on the specific needs of human beings. Maslow is sure that all people behave on the basis of their needs and desires. The things people want are the main motivators of human behavior, therefore, the more people get the more they want to have.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Maslow has created the hierarchy of human needs depending on the importance of the issues. Human needs are arranged in a form of the levels from the most important to the less important ones. To go to the next level one needs to satisfy the needs of the present level (Mullins 2007). Maslow identifies five human needs which should be satisfied, physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. The meeting of the lowest, most primitive needs, helps the employers motivate their employees for greater actions by means moving from the lower level to the highest one (Sadri Bowen 2011). To understand more about Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model, the literature review is created with the purpose to consider the implementation and the theoretical value of the model under discussion. Harell and Daim (2010) done a great working having conducted a researched based on the historical development of the motivation theories. The research presents the way how the theories developed, pointing at their significance and the reasons which supported their emerge. Maslow’s motivation theory based on the hierarchy of needs is considered as one of the most important theories in the business world. Each of the models, including Maslow’s one is considered as a part of the need to motivate employers and how employers came to this decisions. Kinder (2009) helps understand the Maslow’s hierarchy theory considering the basic rule of the mod el. Once a person has met one of the levels of the pyramid, the priorities of that level are not considered as motivational for them and people turn attention to the higher layer of needs. However, in case the needs of the lower level are not met, a person changes the stress on priorities having another motivation, but he/she does not depredate to the previous level. Such theory is really helpful in business and Kinder (2009) perfectly discusses the issue. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is based on the extrinsic motivation, when the main aspects of motivation lay inside an individual. Cheng Yeh (2009) in their research state that the theory is helpful in education as well, as to give students the understanding that they are to study good, their primary needs should be met, the need in cloths, food, etc.Advertising Looking for critical writing on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In other words, to give st udents the task for self-realization, students should come through the first four stages, physical needs, safety needs, love and belongingness needs, and esteem needs. Pulasinghage (2010) conducted in the sphere of motivation for work in government and nongovernment companies to understand where the motivation is stronger. The research has shown that those organizations which met human needs according to Maslow’s theory unintentionally were more successful as the employees wanted to achieve more. Therefore, the organizations with managed to satisfy the employees’ needs in â€Å"foods, team work, shelter, employee relations, cloths, status, personnel safety, responsibility, field security, reputation, job security, achievements, salary, empowerment, law and order, appreciation, limits, experience, affection, problem centering work, realization of potentials† (Pulasinghage 2010, p. 202) were more successful in employment. A close look at those needs helped Pulasin ghage (2010) relate them to different levels of Maslow’s theory. Cangemi (2009) has presented the problems in the international corporation in Latin America supported with four strikes a year over a five-year period. The Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model is presented as one of the main models which helped understand the reasons for the strikes. The inability to meet the basic needs of the employees (physical and safety ones) and the demand for the highest performance (self-actualization), the organization was on the skids. A good decision to the similar problem was offered by Rocha and Miles (2009) who also used the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model. Human motives are taken as the basis for problem solving. Communicating the employees’ needs the employers should not bother about the desires of the workers to complete their tasks. Employers should create a correct hierarchy of needs. Rocha and Miles (2009) refer to Maslow’s theory as a good example of the theory. Trying to help understand the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model, Greene and Burke (2007) referred to explaining the final need which is to be satisfied. Manson first discussed â€Å"self-actualization† as the final need which is to be satisfied being assured when all the levels are passes, the needs are satisfied, they are not motivations any more. Therefore, the final level was the highest motivation. A closer consideration made Manson change this point of view and state that when a â€Å"self-actualization† need is satisfied, a person should shift to other self. Therefore it turns out that here is no the highest motivation which may be achieved. Cornutt Anderson (2007) dwell upon the cases when the lowest, physical, need is difficult to be achieved for people and may be considered as the motivation. The dialysis patients consider physical needs as the best motivation for them.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Ma slow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The implementation of the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model in the modern life has been researched by several scholars who perfectly used the model under consideration as the basis. Schà ¶lzel-Dorenbos, Meeuwsen, and Olde Rikkert (2010) applied Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model to dementia patients with the purpose to consider the interconnection between unmet needs and health-related quality of life. The research results allowed to draw the conclusion that caregivers offer more services for patients than they needed, at the same time the caregivers were identified to have more needs. Therefore, the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model helped the researchers define the priority of the needs of patients with dementia and develop the Hierarchy Model of Needs in Dementia which characterizes Maslow’s theory as useful in different spheres of m odern life. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model was also applied in the healthcare sphere by Benson and Dundis (2003). They conducted a research with the purpose to implement a new perspective of the Maslow’s theory through the concerns of the healthcare employees related to â€Å"the need for security and freedom from stress†, â€Å"social belongingness†, â€Å"self-esteem†, â€Å"self-actualization†, â€Å"altered work/social environments†, and â€Å"new opportunities for learning and self-definition† (Benson and Dundis 2003, p. 315). The research helps to understand that the theory ideally works in the conditions of the increased demands to the employees and supports in motivation for better performance in the workplace. Yee (2007) used Manson’s hierarchy of need theory to motivate junior employees for reporting medical errors and to make those change the format of the reports, to make those useful for making the health care safer. The author states that the change of the medical error reporting system should be based on the human needs which are to be the basis for doctors’ motivation. This new modified system adds socio-cultural aspect to the new reporting system which encourages employees. Healthcare is the very popular among the representatives of the Maslow’s hierarchy of need model. Burtson and Stichler (2010) also referred their research to this theory studying â€Å"the relations of compassion satisfaction, nurse job satisfaction, stress, burnout and compassion fatigue to nurse caring† (p. 1821). Their results supported the hypothesis that belonging need is a strong motivation in nursing practice. Continuing the application of the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory in healthcare, Carroll, Arkin, Seidel and Morris (2009) dwelt upon the importance of needs among traumatized and non-traumatized. The attention is paid to the safety need in Maslow’s theory as one of the basic needs of people.Advertising Looking for critical writing on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, and the researches stress on this aspect, many people do not consider this need as a priority until they understand how the absence of the appropriate safety may ruin their plans. The results of the research also state that the level of the trauma complication influences the human understanding and strength in meeting the need. Yap and Davis (2007) are sure the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model is one the best models in implementing behavioral change. They offer the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the Transtheoretical Model Stages of Change as the most appropriate models which are to be implemented while behavioral change in the organization. Relying on the individual needs, the scheme is rather successful if collaborated with five stages of Transtheoretical Model (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance) and the needs are met between the stages. Distance learning is an important aspect of education in the modern life, however, the pr oblem of motivation is more urgent here due to the distance from students and teachers. Beise and Wynekoop (2001) applied Maslow’s hierarchy of needs motivation theory to the needs of the online learning and the following learning needs have appeared, psychological needs (system and Internet access), safety needs (use of login and password for protection from unauthorized access), belonging needs (belonging to class and team), esteem (the need to contribute to the community and get its respect), and self-actualization (the possibility to take a role in the community). Online learning and its relation to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is also considered in Sinclaire’s (2011) research. The focus of the discussion is the students satisfaction with the learning, the aspects which impact it and the reasons for students’ personal motivation. Sinclaire (2011) applied to Maslow’s hierarchy of need theory as the most developed and structured one. This theory i nvolves several aspects (levels) for consideration which are believed to be very important for online learning as at worm people may be motivated by one aspect. Online education is more complicated in this aspect as students are not motivated by the teachers, but should implement self-motivations. The researchers used the comparative analysis of the employees’ satisfaction and students’ satisfaction who study online. These two processes have much in common, however, students satisfaction involves other aspects to be influenced. Thus, â€Å"interaction a communication, course design, the learning environment, and individual student factors of computer self-efficacy and the ability to control an individual learning pace† (Sinclaire 2011, p. 8) are the main aspects which encourage students for further studying. The main purpose for discussion in Strickland Vaughan’s article (2008) is the principle for building hierarchy of ethical values in nonprofit organi zations. The achievement of the integrity as the highest level of need in the organization is the main aspect of consideration. Referring the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, Strickland Vaughan (2008) managed to prove that financial competence, accountability, reciprocity, respect, and integrity are the five levels of the ethical behavior in organizations. The problem of enjoyment as the main motivation building on the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is presented in the article by Tamborini, Bowman, Eden, Grizzard, and Organ (2010). These authors conducted a thorough research having presented the enjoyment of work as the ability to satisfy one of the levels of human needs which are graded by Maslow in his hierarchy of need theory. The theory explains 51% of the variance in enjoyment as the means for seeking this enjoyment. Woodruffe (2009) devoted his article to generation Y and dared to ask a question whether Maslow’s theory of hierarchy of need may be a pplied to this modern generation. The problem Woodruffe (2009)considers is the values the modern generation has and their possible failure to meet five levels of Maslow’s theory. Close consideration of the problem and thorough research helps the author of the article to draw a conclusion that, like employees in 1950s, generation Y requires meeting five levels of hierarchy needs developed by Maslow. The ignoring of at least one level may ruin the motivational structure as the failure to meet the lower levels require from people to return to them having changed the priorities for some time. Naturopathic Assessment Model discussed in Leach (2008) article is aimed at making sure that â€Å"the majority of issues and problems affecting the client are adequately identified† (p. 8). The authors have developed a particular model which helps to assess the clients conditions, consider his/her level of meeting the needs and add some specific wants clients express. This research h elps understand that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory may be applied to different spheres of social life that makes it more valuable for all layers of population and various spheres of social life. Therefore, it should be concluded that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is a popular model which is discussed by many scholars and applied to different spheres. Distance learning and healthcare are most spread spheres of the implementation of the theory after business world. The models and their interpretations discussed in this literature review. Much work was done and great research was conducted with the purpose to create a piece of writing which illustrates the scope of knowledge which exists in the sphere of consideration. Additionally, the research has.shown that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is very spread and flexible that makes it reliable and applicable to various spheres of human life. The literature review with the focus on Maslow’s hierarc hy of needs theory may be used for considering the aspects which have not been discussed yet and creating the theme for research with new idea and original writing. Reference List Beise, C Wynekoop, J 2001, ‘A hierarchy of needs for virtual class’, 16th Annual Conference of the International Academy for Information Management, pp. 79-84. Benson, SG Dundis, SP 2003, ‘Understanding and motivating health care employees: integrating Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, training and technology’, Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 315-320. Burtson, PL Stichler, JF 2010, ‘Nursing work environment and nurse caring: relationship among motivational factors’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 1819-1831. Cangemi, J 2009, ‘Analysis of an Adversarial Labor/Management Situation in a Latin American Industrial Setting: A Case Study using Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’, Organization Development Journal, vol. 27, iss. 1, p. 37-47. Carroll, PJ, Arkin, RM, Seidel, SD Morris, J 2009, ‘The relative importance of needs among traumatized and non-traumatized samples’, Motivation Emotion, vol. 33, iss. 4, pp. 373-386. Cheng, Y Yeh, H 2009, ‘From concepts of motivation to its application in instructional design: Reconsidering motivation from an instructional design perspective’, British Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 40, iss. 4, pp. 597-605. Cornutt, L Anderson, C 2007, ‘Coupling Maslow to dialysis: It’s about Time’, Nephrology Nursing Journal, vol. 34, no.2, p. 139. Greene, L Burke, G 2007, ‘Beyond self-actualization’, Journal of Health Human Services Administration, vol. 30, iss. 2, pp. 116-128. Harell, G Daim, TU 2010, ‘HDM Modeling as a Tool to Assist Management with Employee Motivation: The Case of Silicon Forest’, Engineering Management Journal, vol. 22, iss. 1, pp. 23-33. Kinder, GD 2009, ‘Can Life P lanners Save the World?’, Investment Advisor; vol. 29, iss. 9, pp. 18-21. Leach, MJ 2008 ‘The naturopathic process: a framework for naturopathic practice’, Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 7-10. Mullins, LJ 2007, Management and Organisational Behaviour, Pearson Education, London. Pulasinghage, C 2010, ‘Employee Motivation: What Factors Motivate Employees to Work in Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO) in Sri Lanka: A Study According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, vol. 5, iss. 4, pp. 197-211. Rocha, H Miles, R 2009, ‘A Model of Collaborative Entrepreneurship for a More Humanistic Management’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 88, iss. 3, pp. 445-462, Sadri, G Bowen, C 2011, ‘Meeting employee requirements’, Industrial Engineer, October, pp. 44-48. Schà ¶lzel-Dorenbos, CJM, Meeuwsen, EJ Olde Rikkert, MG 2010, Ã¢â‚¬Ë œIntegrating unmet needs into dementia health-related quality of life research and care: introduction of the Hierarchy Model of Needs in Dementia’, Aging Mental Health, vol.14, no. 1, pp. 113-119. Sinclaire, JK 2011, ‘Student satisfaction with online learning: Lessons from organizational behavior’, Research in Higher Education Journal, vol. 11, pp. 1-20. Strickland, RA Vaughan, SK 2008, ‘The Hierarchy of Ethical Values in Nonprofit Organizations’, Public Integrity, vol. 10, iss. 3, pp. 233-251. Tamborini, R, Bowman, ND, Eden, A, Grizzard, M, Organ, A 2010, ‘Defining Media Enjoyment as the Satisfaction of Intrinsic Needs’, Journal of Communication, vol. 60, iss. 4, pp. 758-777. Woodruffe, C 2009, ‘Generation Y’, Training Journal, pp. 31-35. Yap, TL Davis, LS 2007, ‘Process of behavioral change as it relates to intentional physical activity’, AAOHN Journal, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 372-380. Yee, KC 2007, ‘Con ceptualisation of socio-technical integrated information technology solutions to improve incident reporting through Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: a qualitative study of junior doctors’, Studies In Health Technology And Informatics, vol. 130, pp. 269-78. This critical writing on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Model was written and submitted by user Lillie Myers to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

baltimore job opportunities essays

baltimore job opportunities essays Choosing a particular job is a hard decision. Many things have to be considered about the possible place of employment to make the job search as beneficial as possible. The salary, benefits, commute time, and location are among the important to review. To further explore this question, the location will be considered more in depth. The location of the job opportunity also includes all of the demographic information that is needed to make a decision. This geographic and statistical information plays a major role in selection of a certain job in a certain area. The main demographic areas that are mainly considered are: These main statistics are the core to which the job selection relative to choice of residency is to be considered. An article by Donald Houston in Urban Studies suggests that, jobs are closely related to the surrounding neighborhoods(Houston). This further explains the importance of selecting the right area based on other aspects than just the job itself. For technical careers, such as the computer and information technology jobs, the possibilities for employment are endless. According to an article in U.S. News and World Report, technical fields are booming and the career opportunities are limitless(Saltzman). The article goes on to explain that tech jobs are expected to grow by 1.4 million from 1992 and 2005, and job openings will double in the decade ahead(Saltzman). Because of these prophecies made, the options that a person can explore searching for an information technology job are endless. Because of the abundance of these jobs, the seeker can look more closely at the geographic and demographic benefits of the surrounding areas. Within the Baltimore and surrounding areas, many places of interest are available that have job opportunities. The job locations that will be considered include Owings ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Biography of Lee Krasner, Abstract Expressionist Artist

Biography of Lee Krasner, Abstract Expressionist Artist Lee Krasner (born Lena Krassner; October 27, 1908–June 19, 1984), an American painter of Russian-Jewish descent, was a pioneering Abstract Expressionist of the New York School. For decades, her reputation was overshadowed by that of her late husband, painter Jackson Pollock, whose superstardom and tragic death distracted from her own career. Years after Pollocks death, however, Krasner received recognition for her own artistic accomplishments. Fast Facts: Lee Krasner Occupation: Artist (Abstract Expressionist) Also Known As: Lena Krassner (given name); Lenore Krasner Born: October 27, 1908 in Brooklyn, New YorkDied: June 19, 1984 in New York City, New YorkEducation: The Cooper Union, National Academy of Design Spouse: Jackson PollockKey Accomplishment: Krasner remains one of the few women artists to have her work exhibited in a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art. Early Life Lee Krasner was born in 1908 to Russian-Jewish immigrant parents. Krasner was the first in her family to be born in the United States, just nine months after her parents and older siblings emigrated due to growing anti-Semitic sentiment in Russia. At home in Brownsville, Brooklyn, the family spoke a mix of Yiddish, Russian, and English, though Krasner favored English. Krasners parents ran a grocery and fishmonger in East New York and often struggled to make ends meet. Her older brother Irving, to whom she was very close, read to her from classic Russian novels like Gogol and Dostoevsky. Though she was a naturalized citizen, Krasner felt connected to her parents’ homeland. Later in life, she often bristled at the suggestion that she was a fully American artist. Lee Krasner (American, 1908-1984). Untitled, 1948. Oil on canvas. 18 x 38 in. (45.7 x 96.5 cm). Promised gift of Craig and Caryn Effron, P.1.2008. The Jewish Museum, New York.  © The Pollock-Krasner Foundation/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York Education Krasner always showed a sense of initiative. At an early age, she decided that the arts-focused, all-girls Washington Irving High School in Manhattan was the only school she wanted to attend, as its arts focus was a rarity at the time. Krasner was initially denied entry to the school due to her Brooklyn residence, but she eventually managed to gain admission. Perhaps ironically, Krasner excelled in all classes except for art, but she passed because of her otherwise exceptional record. During high school, Krasner abandoned her given name Lena and took on the name Lenore, inspired by the Edgar Allen Poe character. After graduation, Krasner attended the Cooper Union. She was very popular (though not necessarily academically successful) and was elected to various school offices. At Cooper Union, she changed her name once again, this time to Lee: an Americanized (and, notably, androgynous) version of her given Russian name. Having attended two art-centric girls schools, the idea of being a woman artist was not remarkable to the young Krasner. It was not until she went to the National Academy of Design that she encountered resistance to her chosen career path. She was riled by the idea that women were sometimes kept from doing what the male artists were permitted to do at the traditionally-minded institution. Ernst Haas / Getty Images Life as a Professional Artist 1929 was a notable year for Krasner. That year marked the opening of the Museum of Modern Art, which exposed her to the Modernist style and the enormous possibility it represented. 1929 also marked the beginning of the Great Depression, which spelled disaster for many aspiring artists. Krasner joined the Works Projects Administration (WPA), which employed artists for various public art projects, including the many murals on which Krasner worked. It was on the WPA that she met critic Harold Rosenberg, who would later go on to write a seminal essay on the Abstract Expressionists, as well as many other artists. Krasner lived with Igor Pantuhoff, a fellow painter of Russian origin and an alumni of the National Design Academy, for most of their ten-year relationship. However, Pantuhoffs parents held anti-Semitic views of Krasner, and the two never married. (Pantuhoff realized his mistake after he left the relationship, and he eventually went to New York to win Krasner back. By that time, Krasner had already taken up with Jackson Pollock, who, in his typically bellicose fashion, physically chased Pantuhoff from the premises.) Lee Krasner and Jackson Pollack in east Hampton, ca. 1946. Photo 10x7 cm. Photograph by Ronald Stein. Jackson Pollack and Lee Krasner papers, ca. 1905-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Relationship With Jackson Pollock In the late 1930s, Krasner took classes led by the expressionist painter and famed pedagogue Hans Hofmann. She also joined the Artist Union. In 1936, at an Artist Union dance, Krasner met Jackson Pollock, whom she would meet again several years later when they both exhibited their work in the same group exhibition. In 1942, the couple moved in together. Pollock’s rise to fame, stewarded by his wife, was meteoric. In 1949 (the year he and Krasner married), Pollock was featured in Life Magazine under the title, â€Å"Is he the greatest living painter in the United States?† Some accounts suggest that Krasner spent so much time promoting her husband’s career that she did not have time to dedicate herself to her own work. However, this version of history is misleading. In Springs, Long Island, where the couple bought a house soon after they married, Krasner used an upstairs bedroom as her studio while Pollock worked in the barn. Both were known to work furiously, and would (when invited) visit each others studios for advice and critique. However, Pollocks alcoholism and infidelity damaged the relationship, and the marriage ended tragically in 1956. Krasner was away in Europe, and Pollock was driving under the influence of alcohol with his mistress and another passenger. Pollock crashed his car, killing himself and the other passenger (though sparing the life of his mistress). Krasner was bereft at losing her husband, and ultimately channeled this emotion into her work. Lee Krasner (American, 1908-1984). Gaea, 1966. Oil on canvas. 69 x 125 1/2 in. (175.3 x 318.8 cm). Kay Sage Tanguy Fund. The Museum of Modern Art, New York.  © 2010 The Pollock-Krasner Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York Artistic Legacy It was not until after Pollock’s death that Krasner began to receive the recognition she deserved. In 1965, she received her first retrospective at the Whitechapel Gallery in London. She experienced a surge of interest in her work in the 1970s, as the feminist movement was eager to reclaim art history’s lost women. The appeal of the sidelined wife of a storied American painter made Krasner a cause to champion. Krasners first retrospective in the United States opened in 1984 at the Museum of Modern Art, just months after her death at the age of 75. Her legacy lives on at the Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center at Stony Brook University. Her estate is represented by Kasmin. Sources and Further Reading Hobbs, R. (1993). Lee Krasner.  New York: Abbeville Modern Masters.Landau,  E. (1995). Lee Krasner: A Catalogue Raisonnà ©.  New York: Abrams.Levin, G. (2011). Lee Krasner: A Biography. New York: Harper Collins.Munro, E. (1979). Originals: American Women Artists. New York: Simon and Schuster, 100-119.